Stone Mountain

Day Trips
Located in Atlanta

Stone Mountain is the largest exposed granite dome in North America. Stone Mountain harbors plant and animal life found no other place in the world. Stone Mountain, Georgia, is perched on the edge of the western part of a large belt made up of Lithonia Gneiss granite. The strange thing about this is that the intrusive granite that the mountain is comprised of is younger and completely different from Lithonia granite. Reaching a height of 1,683 feet above sea level, approximately 650-750 feet above Georgia Piedmont, which surrounds it, Stone Mountain is visible from Mount Yonah at its northeast, Amicalola Falls state park on the north, and Kennesaw Mountain in the west.

Several clans and tribes of native people had made the Stone Mountain area their home long before European settlers arrived here. The ancient burial grounds and stone walls are the evidence archelolgists have found that prove the existence of many tribes inhabiting the area. The Creek Indians inhabited the Stone Mountain region when the first white explorers arrived here, in the 16th century. Nowadays, Stone Mountain is a quiet and quaint suburb of Atlanta, with its most celebrated tourist attraction being the carving on the mountainside.

The biggest attraction of Stone Mountain, therefore, is carved on the town's famous mountain itself. The entire carved surface of the memorial carving measures 3 acres, larger than a football field. The carving of the 3 men towers 400 feet above the ground, measures 90 by 190 feet, and is recessed 42 feet into the mountain, the deepest point of the carving is at Lee's elbow which is 12 feet to the mountain surface. Although the carving was begun in 1923, it was not until 1972 that it was completed, after years of the project being started and stopped. The memorial carving depicts 3 confederate heroes of the civil war: Confederate President Jefferson Davis, General Robert E. Lee and Lt. General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson.